Tuesday, July 28, 2009

Descriptive questions from Poetry Section for Intermediate 2 (with quotations)


Contents of the Set:

“Descriptive questions from “Poetry Section” from Papers 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 & 2008 (Science, Commerce, Arts & Humanities)

Summaries of “Poetry Section”

Science 2008

Q.1 Do you agree with William Shakespeare’s idea, “All the world is a stage”?

Ans. The master minded poet, William Shakespeare likens between the world and the stage and finds the similarities between them. All the thoughts of the poet are expressed by the character Jacques, who has the habit of moralizing. Jacques says that the world is like a stage and the people in the world are called men and women whereas on the stage the same are termed as actors or actresses. In the world what they perform or pass is called life whereas on the stage the same is known as acting. Coming into the world happens when one is born and coming onto the stage is called entry. The way of going out of this world is death and the path for leaving the stage is exit.

In the world man plays seven different roles which start from his coming into being and leaving the world, which are as following:

The first stage of man’s life . . . by man.

The depiction of the last scene reminds us the well-known lines of Shakespeare:

“Life is tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury and signifying nothing.”

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The Seven Ages of Man” on Page Number:

Q.2: Write the summary of the poem “Lines from Samson Agonistes”.

Note: For Summary please see Page Number:


Science 2007

Q.1 Describe how Ulysses inspires his sailors to start the last voyage of their lives. (07)

Ans. “Lines from Ulysses” is actually an extract of few lines from the long narrative poem “Ulysses” composed by Alfred Lord Tennyson. Ulysses is a Greek hero and the king of Ithaca, a Greek island, who leaves living an adventurous life. The extract is taken from the part of the poem in which Ulysses makes a spirited speech before his companions and tries to convince them for starting and striving for a new adventure of doing something notable before they are no more in the world.

Ulysses believes in an active and resilient life. He says to them that they have grown old and even the old age has its own dignity and worth. They can secure honor even in the old age by performing some such deeds that have never been performed yet.

Ulysses invites is companions . . . and unshaken.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “Lines from Ulysses” on Page Number:

Q.2: Describe the qualities of man of leads an upright life.

Ans. Thomas Campion delineates many features of the upright man, which are as following:

He, the upright man, is quite . . . so he acts as a pilgrim.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The man of life upright” on Page Number:

“Losing hopes is a sin”

The poet actually wants to convey the message to those who are in the way of struggling in life any way. He says that those who are working for the betterment of the world should not surrender against any of kind of even and odd circumstances. It may take a longer time to see and have the fruits of their efforts born fruit. The efforts will apparently look going into mire and no monetary success or fruit is achieved. But underneath the voyage towards success continues and ultimately ends with something fruitful.

The poet tries to convince readers through a number of examples that struggle done for any work never remains uncrowned but is always blessed with success. The examples he cited are as following:

He says that if a war is on between two countries, out of which one is quite weak. And the weaker side pre-assumes that it would be suffered with a defeat and it would be destined to meet with a shameful and humiliating defeat, it would never have the courage to appear as an antagonist.

He says that there are always two faces of a picture: one is positive and the other is negative. Those who always look at the bright or positive side are called optimistic and this way of thinking is called optimism whereas those who see at the dark or negative side of the picture are called optimism and the way is known as pessimism. The ideas related to bright side are called hopes and those of dark side are called apprehensions and if apprehensions are true, hopes are failed or vice versa. And one time only one of these can logically exist. He stresses that one needs to think in this way that hopes will be successful and the apprehension will always remain unsuccessful.

He further says that waves when strike the beach, it looks that they gain nothing but when these waves keep on striking for a long continued period, they develop wholes and cracks in the stones coming in their way. It means things, which are as soft as water can soften things, which are as strong as a stone provided continuous working is there.

Q.4: According William Shakespeare “All the world’s a stage. Do you agree with this statement? If so, prove it, keeping in view the poem “The Seven Ages of man”.

Ans. The master minded poet, William Shakespeare likens between the world and the stage and finds the similarities between them. All the thoughts of the poet are expressed by the character Jacques, who has the habit of moralizing. Jacques says that the world is like a stage and the people in the world are called men and women whereas on the stage the same are termed as actors or actresses. In the world what they perform or pass is called life whereas on the stage the same is known as acting. Coming into the world happens when one is born and coming onto the stage is called entry. The way of going out of this world is death and the path for leaving the stage is exit.

In the world man plays seven different roles which start from his coming into being and leaving the world, which are as following:

The first stage of man’s life . . . by man.

The depiction of the last scene reminds us the well-known lines of Shakespeare:

“Life is tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury and signifying nothing”.

Please take down the matter between the dots from summary of “The Seven Ages of Man” on page Number: 24

“Arts (Regular & Private) 2006”

Q.5: Describe the qualities of man of leads a simple life.

Ans. Thomas Campion delineates many features of the man who leads a simple life, which are as following:

He, the upright man, is quite . . . so he acts as a pilgrim.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The Man of Life Upright” on Page Number: 26

Q.6: Ignorance of future is a blessing of God. Discuss with reference to Pope’s poem” An Essay on Man”. 07

Ans. An Essay on Man look like a Urdu Ghazal in which the poet expresses his views on a number of ideas out of which “ignorance from future’ and “hope” are the two aspects, which constitute the central idea of the poem. These are the two blessings the poet, Alexander Pope, mentions in the poem. The poet says that everyone’s fate has already been written in a book called “the book of fate”. Nature hides this book from all the creatures and does not let them see it in any way. Its only one page kept before the creatures is their present. They remain unaware of their future unless the future becomes present and they themselves view it. Whatever may happen even in the immediate coming moments is kept hidden from the eyes of all the creatures. Keeping the creatures unaware of their future is called “ignorance of future”.

Ignorance to future is one of the blessings of God as this gives a real shape, logic and meaning to life. Had people known the end of everything, the balance of life would have been over. Everyone would be aware the evens and odds to be face in the coming days and his earnest effort would be aware the evens and odds to be face in the coming days and his earnest effort would be getting away from them. And if it were not possible, to have anything done for them, his life would be miserable. The mystery and curiosity of life would be no more if bottom line of every problem and decision were already under notice. So pope seems justified in his couplet:

“O blindness to the future! Kindly given,

That each may fill the circle marked by heaven”

He says that life is so unpredictable that one can’t say or make any move for even the next second. As death silently keeps following every mortal and catches the same whenever and wherever it finds a chance. So the only thing, when future is neither known nor predicable, remain and gives encouragement is hope. As hope keeps a candle burning that the next moment may be a happy and takes us away from fears and apprehensions.

“Losing hopes is a sin.”

Science 2006

Q.7: How did Samson take revenge upon his enemies?

Ans. Samson, the son of Manoa . . . drinking the cup of heroism.

“Heroism is the self-devotion of genius manifesting itself in action.”

(J.C. & A. Hare)

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “Lines from Samson Agonistes” on Page Number: 27

Q.8: What are the seven ages into which Jacques divides a man’s life according to the poem “The Seven Ages of Man”? 07

Ans. The master minded poet, William Shakespeare likens between the world and the stage and finds the similarities between them. All the thoughts of the poet are expressed by the character Jacques, who has the habit of moralizing. Jacques says that the world is like a stage and the people in the world are called men and women whereas on eth stage the same are termed as actors or actresses. In the world what they perform or pass is called life whereas on the stage the same is known as acting. Coming into the world happens when one is born and coming onto the stage is called entry. The way of going out of this world is death and the path for leaving the stage is exit.

In the world man plays seven different roles which start from his coming into being and leaving the world, which are as following:

The first stage of man’s life . . . by man.

The depiction of the last scene reminds as the well-known lines of Shakespeare.

“Life is tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury and signifying nothing.”

Please take down the mater between the dots from Summary of “The Seven Ages of Man” on Page Number: 24

Commerce (Regular & Private) 2006

Q.9: Say Naught the Struggle Naught Availeth” is a poem which reflects hope. Discuss. 07

Ans. The poem “Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth” gives the concept and philosophy of optimism. It means that one should not lose hopes at any stage at any rate as it leads the way to victory. The poet says that continuous efforts are always crowned with success and no struggle in any way goes vain. As long hope is alive and keeps springing, defeat can be avoided. Keeping the approach and the body language as positive always brings a fresh stimulus of success, whereas the pessimistic thinking always results in the reversed direction.

“Losing hopes is a sin.”

The poet actually wants to convey the message to those who are in the way of struggling in life any way. He says that those who are working for the betterment of the world should not surrender against any of kind of even and odd circumstances. It may take a longer time to see and have the fruits of their efforts born fruit. The efforts will apparently look going into mire and no monetary success or fruit is achieved. But underneath the voyage towards success continues and ultimately ends with something fruitful.

The poet tries to convince readers through a number of examples that struggle done for any work never remains uncrowned but is always blessed with success. The examples the cited and as following:

He says that if a war is on between two countries, out of which one is quite weak. And the weaker side pre-assumes that it would be suffered with a defeat and it would be destined to met with a shameful and humiliating defeat, it would never have the courage to appear as an antagonist.

He says that there are always two faces of a picture: one is positive and the other is negative. Those who always look at the bright or positive side are called optimistic and this way of thinking is called optimism whereas those who see at the dark or negative side of the picture are called pessimistic and the way is known as pessimism. The ideas related to bright side are called hopes and those of dark side are called apprehensions and if apprehensions are true, hopes are failed or vice versa. And one time only one of these can logically exist. He stresses that one needs to think in this way that hopes will be successful and the apprehension will always remain unsuccessful.

He further says that waves when strike the beach, it looks that they gain nothing but when these waves keep on striking for a long continued period, they develop wholes and cracks in the stones coming in their way. It means things, which are as soft as water can soften things, which are as strong as a stone provided continuous working is there.

Q.10: Describe how Ulysses inspires his sailors to start the last voyage of his life.

Ans. “Lines from Ulysses” is actually an extract of few lines from the long narrative poem “Ulysses” composed by Alfred Lord Tennyson. Ulysses is a Greek hero and the king o Itahca, a Greek island, who loves living an adventurous life. The extract is taken companions ad tries to convince them for starting and striving for a new adventure of Ulysses believes in an active and resilient life. He says to them that they have grown old and even the old age has its own dignity and worth. They can secure honor even in the old age by performing some such deeds that have never been performed yet.

Ulysses invites is companions . . . and unshaken.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “Lines from Ulysses” on Page Number: 30

Arts (Regular & Private) 2006

Q.11: The Man of Life Upright” is, in fact, a description of an honorable life. 07

Ans. Thomas Campion delineates many features of the upright man, l which are as following:

He, the upright man, is quite . . . so he acts as a pilgrim.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The Man of life upright on Page Number: 26

Q.12: Describe in your own words the tragic death of Samson.

Ans. Samson, the son of Manoa . . . drinking the cup of heroism.

“Heroisim is the self-devotion of genius manifesting itself in action.”

(J.C. & A. Hare)

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “Lines from Samson Agonistes on Page Number: 26

Science & Home Economics 2005

Q.13: What are the qualities of a man who leads an upright life?

Ans. Thomas Campion delineates many features of the upright man which are as following:

He, the upright an, is quite . . . so he acts as a pilgrim.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The Man of Life Upright on Page Number: 26

Q.14: How does the poet compare the song of the reaper with the song of two different birds? 07

Ans. William Words Worth, the poet of nature, visits a peaceful and mountain valley of Scotland called Highland with his sister Dorothy. During his visit, he takes long trips on foot and visits a number beautiful scene. When he visits Highland, he finds a Highland lass working in the field. She is along and sings and reaps the crops. Her song is in her native language called Celtic Language with which the poet is unfamiliar but the echo and melody of the song makes him stand stock-still. The song reaches the most inner races of his heart and he at once starts making comparison of the song with all those ones he heard before.

The two birds: nightingale and the cuckoo bird have always been noted for their sweet voices. According to the poet, the song of nightingale gives a refreshing feeling to the travelers who have come to rest in an oasis after a long, hectic and tiring journey of hot Arabian deserts. The sweet and thrilling voice of the nightingale removes their all fatigue and makes them fresh again for a tiresome tour though the hot sands. But, according to the poet, the song of the nightingale has never been felt so inspiring and soul stirring as he has observed that of the Highland lass.

Another sweet voiced creature, the cuckoo bird, has ever been noted as “a harbinger of spring”. Its thrilling sound creates an enchanting atmosphere in the start of the spring but according to the poet the thrilling sound of the maiden from Highland has superiority over that of the cuckoo’s. in fact, the echo of the sound is that much that it can break the silence of the seas situated in the North – West coast of Highland.

So he asks:

“Will no one tell me what she sings?”

He realizing that the language is not familiar starts guessing at the theme of the song, as Shelly says:

“Our sweetest songs are those that tell us of our saddest thoughts.”

(Shelly to a Sky Lark)

As the song touches the inner most recesses of his heart he thinks the song remind some tragedy. He thinks that she sings for some tragic events of past or some sorrowful incidents of the past and maybe about the battles the Highland people have faced long ago. It may be that it is believed that Highland people are defeated whenever they go for a war. His inability to understand the actual theme doesn’t hamper to guess the probable theme of the son which according to him nothing but expressing deep sorrows about any incident happened in the past.

Commerce (Regular & Private) 2005

Q.15: “Hope” not “Despair” is the theme of A.H. Clough’s poem “Say not the Struggle Naught Availeth”. Discuss

Ans.: The poem “Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth” gives the concept and philosophy of optimism. It means that one should not lose hopes at any stage at any rate as it leads the way to victory. The poet says that continuous efforts are always crowned with success and no struggle in any way goes vain. As long hope is alive and keeps springing, defeat can be avoided. Keeping the approach and the body language as positive always brings a fresh stimulus of success, whereas the pessimistic thinking always results in the reversed direction.

Losing hopes is a sin

The poet actually wants to convey the message to those who are in the way of struggling in life any way. He says that those who are working for the betterment of the world should not surrender against any of kind of even add odd circumstances. It may take a langer time to see and have the fruits of their efforts born fruit. The efforts will apparently look going into mire and no monetary success or fruit is achieved. But underneath the voyage towards success continues and ultimately ends with something fruitful.

The poet tries to convince readers through a number of examples that struggle done for any work never remains uncrowned but is always blessed with success. He examples he cited are as following.

He says that if a war is on between two countries, out of which one is quite weak. And the weaker side pre-assumes that it would be suffered with a defeat and it would be destined to meet with a shameful and humiliating defeat, it would never have the courage to appear as an antagonist.

He says that there are always two faces of a picture: one is positive and the other is negative. Those who always look at the bright or positive side called optimistic and this way of thinking is called optimism whereas those who see at the dark or negative side of the picture are called pessimistic and the way is known as pessimism. The ideas related to bright side are called hopes and those of dark side are called apprehensions and if apprehensions are true, hopes are failed or vice versa. And one time only one of these can logically exist. He stresses that one needs to think in this way that hopes will be successful and the apprehension will always remain unsuccessful.

He further says that waves when strike the beach, its looks that they gain nothing but when these waves keep on striking for a long continued period, they develop wholes and cracks in the stones coming in their way. It means things, which are as soft as water can soften things, which are as strong as a stone provided continuous working is there.

Q16: How has Shakespears likened life to a stage in his poem “The Seven Ages of Man”? (07)

Ans. The master minded poet, William Shakespears likens between the world and the stage and finds the similarities between them. He says the world is like a stage and the people in the world are called men and women whereas on the stage the same are termed as actors or actresses. In the world what they perform or pass is called life whereas on the stage the same is known as acting. Coming into the world happens when one is born and coming into the stage is called entry. The way of going out of this world is death and the path for leaving the stage is exit.

In the world man plays seven different roles which starts from his coming into being and leaving the world, which are as following:

The first stage of man’s life……. By man.

The depiction of the last scene reminds us the well-known lines of Shakespears:

“Life is tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury and signifying nothing.”

Please take down the mater between the dots from summary of “The Seven Ages of Man” on Page Number : 24

Arts (Regular & Private) 2005

Q 17: What are the two blessings mentioned by pope in the poem “An Essay on Man”? (07)

Ans: “An Essay on Man” look_like an Urdu Ghazal in which the poet expresses his views on a number of ideas out of which “Ignorance from future” and “hope” are the two aspects, which constitute the central idea of poem. These are the tow blessings the poet, Alexander pope, mentions in he poem. The poet sys that everyone’s fate has already been written in a book called “The book of fate”. Nature hides this book from all the creatures and does not let them see it in any way. Its only one page kept before the creatures in their present. They remain unaware of their future unless the future becomes present and they themselves view it. Whatever may happen even in the immediate coming moments is kept hidden from the eyes of all the creatures. Keeping the creatures unaware of their future is called “ignorance of future”.

Ignorance to future is one of the blessings of God as this gives a real shapes, logic and meaning to life. Had people known the end of everything, the balance of life would have been over. Everyone would be aware the evens and odds to be face in the coming days and his earnest effort would be getting away from them. And if it were not possible, to have anything done for them, his life would be miserable. The mystery and curiosity of life would be no more if bottom line of every problem and decision were already under notice. So pope seems justified in his couplet:s

“O blindness to the future ! kindly given,

That each may fill the circle marked by heaven”

He says that life is so unpredictable that one can’t say or make any move for even that next second. As death silently keeps following every mortal and catches the same whenever and wherever if finds a chance. So the only thing, when future is neither known nor predicable, remains and gives encouragement is hope. As hope keeps a candle burning that the next moment may be a happy and takes us away from fears and apprehensions.

Losing hopes is a sin

Q,18: Write a summary of the poem “The Solitary Reaper” 07

Note: For summary of The Solitary Reaper, please see Page Number 38

Science 2004

Q.19: In the person, “Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth” what examples does the poet give in the last two stanzas to prove his viewpoint? 07

Ans. The poem “Say Not the Struggle Naugh Availeth” gives the concept and philosophy of optimism. It means that one should not lose hopes at any stage or any rate as it leads the way to victory. The poet says that continuous efforts are always crowned with success and no struggle in any way goes vain.

The poet actually wants to convey the message to those who are in the way of struggling in life any way. He says that those who are working for the betterment of the world should not surrender aginst any of kind of even and odd circumstances. It may take a longer time to see and have the fruits of their efforts born fruit. The efforts will apparently look going into mire and no monetary success or fruit is achieved. But underneath the voyage towards success continuous and ultimately ends with something fruitful.

The poet tries to convince readers through a number of examples that struggle done for any work never remains uncrowned but is always blessed with success. The examples he cited in the last tow stanzas to prove his viewpoint are as following:

¨ The poet says that it is a general observation that at beach, it is seen that waves keep coming to the beach and strike against it. Apparently it seems a non-rewarding continuous exercise against the rock solid beach. But it is observed carefully it comes into the notice that, te continuous striking of the softer thing water remained successful in developing cracks and holes in the stronger material the solid rocks. By this example the poet means that efforts, no matter ho weak they are, if made continuously, will one day get over the problem regardless of its difficulty or size.

¨ In the last stanza, the poet says that the Sun only rises in the East and its rising process is gradual. Gradual rising of the Sun in the East not only brightens the Eastern side but its effects are also felt in the Western side and it’s also dazzled with the sunlight where he Sun does not exist.

The author means by the stanza that some times success comes from those corners, which are unsought and some times invisible to us.

Q.20: How did Samson destroy his enemies in the poem, Lines from Samson Agnosites? 07

Ans. Samson, the son of Manoa, . . . drinking the cup of heroism.

“Heroisim is the self-devotion of genius manifesting itself in action.”

(J.C.&A.Hare)

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of Lines from Samson Agonistes on Page Number: 27

Commerce (Regular & Private) 2004

Q.21: Describe “The Seven Ages of Man”.

Ans. The master minded poet, William Shakespeare makes a comparison between the world and the stage and finds the similarities between them. He says that the world is like a stage and the people in the world are called men and women whereas on the stage the same are termed as actors or actresses. In the world what they perform or pass is called life whereas on the stage the same is known as acting. Coming into the world happens when one is born and coming onto the stage is called entry. The way of going out of this world is death and the path for leaving the stage is exit.

In the world man plays seven different roles which start from his coming into being and leaving the world, which are as following:

The first stage of man’s life . . . by man.

The depiction of the last scene reminds us the well-known illness of Shakespeare:

“Life is tale told by an idiot full of sound any fury and signifying nothing”

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of The Seven Ages of Man on Page Number: 24

Q.22: Write a note on Campion’s Upright Man.

Ans. Thoman Campion delineates many features of the upright man, which are as following:

He, the upright man, is quite . . . so he acts as a pilgrim.

Please take down the matter between the dots from Summary of “The man of life upright on page number: 23


Arts (Regular & Private) 2004

Q.23: What examples are presented in the poem “Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth” by A.H. Clough to prove that success is always rewarded? 07

Ans. The poem “Say Not the Struggle Naught Availeth” gives the concept and philosophy of optimism. It means that one should not lose hopes at any stage or any rate as it leads the way to victory. The poet says that continuous efforts are always crowned with success and no struggle in any way goes vain.

The poet actually wants to convey the message to those who are in the way of struggling in life any way. He says that those who are working for the betterment of the world should not surrender against any of kind of even and odd circumstances. It may take a longer time to see and have the fruits of their efforts born fruit. The efforts will apparently look going into mire and no monetary success or fruit is achieved. But underneath the voyage towards success continuous ad ultimately ends with something fruitful.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Post a Comment